Statuary of Jesus Christ, Charles Bridge (built 1402), Prague

Charles Bridge's
construction started in 1357 under the auspices of King Charles IV, and finished in the beginning of the 15th century. The bridge replaced the old Judith Bridge built 1158–1172 that had been badly damaged by a flood in 1342. This new bridge was originally called Stone Bridge (Kamenný most) or Prague Bridge (Pražský most) but has been "Charles Bridge" since 1870. As the only means of crossing the river Vltava (Moldau) until 1841, Charles Bridge was the most important connection between Prague Castle and the city's Old Town and adjacent areas. This "solid-land" connection made Prague important as a trade route between Eastern and Western Europe.

Statuary of the St. Cross with Calvary:

This statuary, incongruous in style, was created during several centuries. A cross was there already before the Hussite period; the first document about it comes from 1361. The cross was destroyed by the Hussites in 1419 during their fighting with the Lesser Town people. The following cross, standing at the same place, was to be taken down before the Battle on the White Mountain because “winter queen” Elizabeth Stuart, who, as a Calvinist (the daughter of English and Scottish King James I and Danish Princess Anne), disapproved of veneration of statues and paintings, was scandalized by the naked crucified body of Jesus Christ. However, the queen was forced to leave the country before the statue was taken down.– The oldest part of the statuary is the bronze gilded body of Jesus Christ, made in Dresden in 1629 by bell-maker Hans Hillger based on a design of sculptor Wolf Ernest Brohn (1600–1664) and bought for Prague in 1657; two years after the statue was bought, it was placed on a wooden cross..
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